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qsub is a Linux command-line based utility available on Endeavour which can be used to submit executable scripts to the PBS system.


The basic syntax for qsub is

qsub [options] [file]

Where [file] is the path to the executable script you want to submit to the PBS queue. If the command executes successfully qsub will return a job ID to standard output. For example:

[user@endeavour:~]$ qsub script.sh 


Options can be entered in the command line normally or you can add them to the top of the script you're submitting. PBS directives must be added to the top of the script on the lines immediately following the "shebang". The top of the script should appear as follows:

#PBS [first option]
#PBS [second option]

More examples of submit scripts can be found here.

Sample Options

A complete list of options for qsub and their descriptions can be found in the manfile. Samples of more commonly used options will be provided here.

-a date_time
Specifies a future time at which the job should execute.The date_time argument should take the form [MM][DD]hhmm. If the time given is earlier than the current time it will execute on the next day. Month and Day are optional parameters.
-e path
Defines the path used to output the standard error stream of the batch job. By default output will be stored in the current working directory, and path names that aren't absolute paths will be expanded in the current working directory.
-j option
Declares that the stdout and stderr streams of the job will be merged and outputted to a single file. The option oe will merge the two streams as stdout, and the option eo will merge the streams to stderr.
-k option
Defines which (if any) of the standard output or standard error streams will be stored. The parameter 'e' stores stderr. The parameter 'o' stores stdout. Using 'eo' or 'oe' will store both streams in the given order, and 'n' will store neither.
-l resource_list
The resource_list defines the list of resources that the job can consume. If not set for a generally available resource then no limit is set.
-m options
Allows you to select the conditions under which the server will mail a message about the job's status. Option 'a' sends a message when the job is aborted. Option 'b' sends a message when the job begins, and option 'e' sends a message when the job ends.
-M user_list
Defines the set of users who will receive mail about the job. The user list should be a comma separated list of e-mail addresses.
-N name
Sets a name for the job. May be up to 15 characters in length.
-o path
Sets the path to which the standard output stream will be stored.
-p priority : Sets the priority of the job. Must be an integer between -1024 and +1023. Default is no priority which is equivalent to priority zero.
-r y|n
Defines whether the job is rerunable. The default value is 'y'. For information on rerunning jobs refer to the qrerun command.
-u user_list
Defines the user name under which the job will run. Default is the user who is running the qsub command.